Question: Who Was The Most Influential Playwright Of The Restoration?

Who is called the father of English novel?

Henry FieldingSir Walter Scott called Henry Fielding the “father of the English novel,” and the phrase still indicates Fielding’s place in the history of literature..

How is Restoration comedy best described?

Restoration comedies are English plays written and performed between 1660 and 1710, the “Restoration” period. Also known as “comedy of manners” plays, these works are known for their risqué, explicit depictions of sex and extramarital affairs.

What are the elements of Restoration comedy?

Answer: Restoration refers to the reestablishment of English royalty and culture after the Puritans emigrated to America. As a result, Restoration Comedy contains elements like satire, sarcasm and sagacity, which can be observed in the arguements between Algernon and Jack.

Who is known as England’s greatest actor?

David GarrickHistorians call David Garrick England’s greatest actor. 7.

What influenced the writers of the restoration?

Prose and Fiction Inspired by the optimism of the Enlightenment, writers began producing philosophical and religious texts. The Restoration also saw the beginning of formal journalism – people began learning about current events through large printed sheets.

Who was a Restoration dramatist?

John Dryden (1631-1700) He led the way in Restoration comedy, most notably with Marriage à la Mode (1673) but also produced a number of dramas, including All for Love in 1678, which was based on Antony and Cleopatra.

Why was there a restoration in 1660?

In 1660, in what is known as the English Restoration, General George Monck met with Charles and arranged to restore him in exchange for a promise of amnesty and religious toleration for his former enemies.

English Renaissance theatre, also known as early modern English theatre, or (commonly) as Elizabethan theatre, refers to the theatre of England between 1562 and 1642. This is the style of the plays of William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe andBen Jonson.

What are the two masterpieces of restoration Theatre?

Vanbrugh’s most successful plays were The Relapse: or Virtue in Danger (1696) a comedy about a libertine and his long-suffering wife, and The Provoked Wife (1697). Both plays were savagely attacked in a critical pamphlet (see below) written by the puritan clergyman Jeremy Collier in 1698.

What were the important events in the restoration Age history?

Restoration Literature Timeline1642: Parliament shuts down the theaters in England. … 1660: Restoration of Charles II. … 1660: Theaters are reopened. … 1667: John Milton publishes Paradise Lost. … 1672: John Dryden publishes Marriage à-la-Mode. … 1675: William Wycherley publishes The Country Wife. … 1677: Aphra Behn publishes The Rover.More items…

What are the characteristics of restoration period?

Restoration Literature CharacteristicsComedy of Manners. The Comedy of Manners is a theatrical genre that was uber-popular during the Restoration period.Satire. The Restoration writers couldn’t get enough satire.Heroic Couplet.Social Life.Politics.Faith.Restoration of Monarchy.Rejection of Puritanism.

What is Restoration comedy manners?

In English literature, the term comedy of manners (also anti-sentimental comedy) describes a genre of realistic, satirical comedy of the Restoration period (1660–1710) that questions and comments upon the manners and social conventions of a greatly sophisticated, artificial society.

These three types are: Humour, Manners, and Intrigue. Comedies of Humour were made popular by the Renaissance playwright and poet Ben Jonson earlier in the century. These plays centralized around a specific character who had an overshadowing trait. Comedy of Manners were the most popular form of Restoration Drama.

When did Restoration comedy end?

Restoration comedy was written and performed from about 1660 to 1700, flourishing in the period after the Restoration of the Stuart monarchy. Some 500 plays survive, though only a handful of them are performed today, and few playwrights have achieved lasting fame.

Why is this period called the Age of French influence?

The French influence was predominant during this period because the King had spent the period of his exile in France. The French manners and fashion spread from the court to the aristocracy. It also influenced contemporary literature.

Who inspired Restoration comedies and tragedies?

Charles II was an active and interested patron of the drama. Soon after his restoration, in 1660, he granted exclusive play-staging rights, so-called Royal patents, to the King’s Company and the Duke’s Company, led by two middle-aged Caroline playwrights, Thomas Killigrew and William Davenant.

Which age is called restoration age and why?

THE RESTORATION AGE (1660-1700) The period from 1660 to 1700 is known as the Restoration period or the Age of Dryden because monarchy was restored in England. … The atmosphere of gaiety and cheerfulness, of licentiousness and moral laxity was restored. The theatres were reopened.

What happened during the restoration period?

Restoration, Restoration of the monarchy in England in 1660. … It marked the return of Charles II as king (1660–85) following the period of Oliver Cromwell’s Commonwealth. The bishops were restored to Parliament, which established a strict Anglican orthodoxy.

When did the restoration period begin and end?

1660 – 1666The Restoration/Periods

Who is the father of comedy of manners?

MenanderSuch was the case in ancient Greece when Menander (c. 342–c. 292 bc) inaugurated New Comedy, the forerunner of comedy of manners. Menander’s smooth style, elaborate plots, and stock characters were imitated by the Roman poets Plautus (c.

What are the two causes of the rise of prose in the restoration period?

The growing interest in rationalism and the advancement of science, various political parties and groups, the Coffee houses and drawing rooms and many other factors contributed to the evolution of modern prose during the Restoration period. John Dryden (1631-1700) was one of the greatest prose writers of this period.