Quick Answer: What Does The Senate Do And What Does The House Do?

How does Congress reapportion House seats among the states every ten years?

How does Congress reapportion House seats among the states every 10 years.

Congress reapportion House seats among the states every 10 years by the census that is taken to decide what states gain representatives and what states lose representatives..

Who is over the president?

The 25th Amendment, Section 1, clarifies Article II, Section 1, Clause 6, by stating unequivocally that the vice president is the direct successor of the president, and becomes president if the incumbent dies, resigns or is removed from office.

What are the benefits of the Senate?

Salary and benefits Along with earning salaries, senators receive retirement and health benefits that are identical to other federal employees, and are fully vested after five years of service. Senators are covered by the Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS) or Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS).

Who has more power President or Senate?

The Senate has exceptionally high authority, sometimes higher than the President or the House of Representatives. The Senate can try cases of impeachment, which can dismiss a President for misconduct.

Is the house more powerful than the Senate?

The House has several powers assigned exclusively to it, including the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach federal officials, and elect the President in the case of an electoral college tie. … The Senate has the sole power to confirm those of the President’s appointments that require consent, and to ratify treaties.

How do the Senate and House work together?

If the bill passes by simple majority (218 of 435), the bill moves to the Senate. In the Senate, the bill is assigned to another committee and, if released, debated and voted on. … Finally, a conference committee made of House and Senate members works out any differences between the House and Senate versions of the bill.

Why does every state have 2 Senators?

According to Article I, Section 3 of the Constitution, “The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each state, chosen by the legislature thereof for six Years.” The framers believed that in electing senators, state legislatures would cement their ties with the national government.

Can President remove VP?

ArtII.S4.1.1 Impeachment and Removal from Office: Overview The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.

What are the four powers of the Senate?

Powers & ProceduresNominations. The Constitution provides that the president “shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the Supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States… … Treaties. … Filibuster and Cloture. … Investigations.

What does the Senate and the House of Representatives do?

The House and Senate are equal partners in the legislative process—legislation cannot be enacted without the consent of both chambers. However, the Constitution grants each chamber some unique powers. The Senate ratifies treaties and approves presidential appointments while the House initiates revenue-raising bills.

Can the number of congressmen and congresswomen from a state be reduced?

The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative…” “Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed.

How is the Senate and the House of Representatives similar and different?

Congress is divided into two institutions: the House of Representatives and the Senate. The two houses of Congress have equal but unique roles in the federal government. … Every state has an equal voice in the Senate, while representation in the House of Representatives is based on the size of each state’s population.

Why does the Senate exist?

The framers of the Constitution created the United States Senate to protect the rights of individual states and safeguard minority opinion in a system of government designed to give greater power to the national government.

What is the difference between the House and the Senate?

Notice that members of the House are elected every two years, whereas senators are elected for six-year terms. … Senators are at least thirty years old and citizens for nine years. Another difference is who they represent. Senators represent their entire states, but members of the House represent individual districts.

Why do we only have 435 seats in the House?

Because the House wanted a manageable number of members, Congress twice set the size of the House at 435 voting members. The first law to do so was passed on August 8, 1911. … Finally, in 1929 the Permanent Apportionment Act became law. It permanently set the maximum number of representatives at 435.