What Are The 4 Basic Rules For Medication Administration?

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

Oral route.

Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets.

Injection routes.

Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: …

Sublingual and buccal routes.

Rectal route.

Vaginal route.

Ocular route.

Otic route.

Nasal route.More items….

What are the 5 rules for the administration of medication?

One of the recommendations to reduce medication errors and harm is to use the “five rights”: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right route, and the right time.

What are the patient’s rights to refuse treatment?

When a patient has been sufficiently informed about the treatment options offered by a physician, the patient has the right to accept or refuse treatment, which includes what a health care provider will and won’t do.

Can a hospital legally keep you?

If physicians believe that your departure presents a significant risk to your health or safety, they can recommend against your discharge, although they aren’t allowed to hold you against your will.

What is the 3 checks of medication administration?

WHAT ARE THE THREE CHECKS? Checking the: – Name of the person; – Strength and dosage; and – Frequency against the: Medical order; • MAR; AND • Medication container.

How many times should you check medications before administration?

But, it’s not only critical to ensure this information is correct, you should check three times: The first check is when the medications are pulled or retrieved from the automated dispensing machine, the medication drawer, or whatever system is in place at a given institution.

How is the route of administration of medication determined?

Routes of administration are generally classified by the location at which the substance is applied. Common examples include oral and intravenous administration. Routes can also be classified based on where the target of action is.

What are the types of medication orders?

The four general types of medication orders are stat orders, single orders, standing orders and prn orders.

What should you check before administering medication?

Check that the prescription is unambiguous/legible and includes the medicine name, form (and/or route of administration), strength and dose of the medicine to be administered (RPS and RCN, 2019).

What are the 10 rights of the patient?

Ensuring the following rights:right PATIENT.right MEDICATION.right REASON.right DOSE – for the patient’s weight.right ROUTE.right FREQUENCY.right TIME.right SITE.

Can your doctor drop you as a patient?

But although physicians retain the legal right to dismiss patients in most cases, if a dismissal is not carried out in accordance with state laws, they may find themselves facing charges of patient abandonment as well as disciplinary action from their state medical boards.

How can I improve my medication administration skills?

The Importance of Medication Administration: 5 Ways to ImproveAssess the work environment. Medication administration mistakes and other safety issues can increase when certain work environment conditions are present. … Implement medication safety technologies. … Educate patients and caregivers. … Implement strategies for “LASA” drugs. … Take extra precaution with “high alert” medications.

How do you ensure safe medication administration?

Start with the basicsVerify any medication order and make sure it’s complete. … Check the patient’s medical record for an allergy or contraindication to the prescribed medication. … Prepare medications for one patient at a time.Educate patients about their medications. … Follow the eight rights of medication administration.

What are six ways to administer medication?

Methods to Administer DrugsIntravenous (IV) (into a vein)Oral (by mouth)Intramuscular (IM) injection (into a muscle)Subcutaneous (SC) injection (under the skin)Intrathecal Therapy (within the spinal canal)

What is a controlled drug?

Controlled drug – Medicines or chemicals which have special rules for producing, supplying, distributing, owning and using them. These medicines may only be prescribed by an authorised healthcare professional who may need a special prescribing permit. Schedule 9.

What are the principles of medication administration?

While there are several principles of drug administration, the five important ones are: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right time and the right route of administration. Modes or routes of drug administration vary from the widely followed oral route to parenteral and inhalational routes.

What are the 4 routes of medication administration?

Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

What are the 7 rights of a patient?

To ensure safe medication preparation and administration, nurses are trained to practice the “7 rights” of medication administration: right patient, right drug, right dose, right time, right route, right reason and right documentation [12, 13].